Return on investment for mangrove and reef flood protection

Published in Ecosystem Services, 2022

Mangrove and reef restoration can be cost effective (B:C > 1) for flood reduction in more than 20 Caribbean countries. Restored natural infrastructure can provide $100,000/ha in flood protection benefits over project lifetimes.

Developing a Dynamic Model for Assessing Green Infrastructure Investments in Urban Areas

Published in Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health, 2021

Currently, more than half of the world’s population lives in cities, and by 2030, this figure is expected to reach 60%. In this study, system dynamics are applied to the economic modelling of the city of Santander (Spain) to analyse the profitability of investment in ecosystem restoration and in both green and blue infrastructure.

The Global Flood Protection Benefits of Mangroves

Published in Scientific Reports (Nature), 2020

Coastal flood risks and the needs for adaptation are rising. In a first, we quantify the socio-economic flood savings provided by mangroves every km across their entire 700,000 km distribution in 59 countries. Every year, mangroves avert flood damages to $65 billion in property and 15 million people.